The Incorporated Village of Valley Stream is inside the southwest part of the town of Hempstead, along the border with Queens.
The village is served by the Long Island Rail Road at the Valley Stream station, located at Sunrise Highway and Franklin Avenue.
Robert Pagan was born in Scotland on December 3, 1796. In or about the late 1830s, Robert, his wife Ellen, and their children emigrated from Scotland. On the journey to America, one of their children died and was buried at sea. The 1840 U.S. Census for Queens County lists Pagan's occupation as a farmer. Two children were born to Robert and Ellen Pagan after they settled in the town of Hempstead.
At this time, the community did not have a post office, so mail had to be picked up in Hempstead. Pagan petitioned the appropriate authorities for a post office and it was house in his home, the Pagan-Fletcher House. He was advised that the community needed a name. Pagan chose "Valley Stream" based on the topographical appearance of the area. In 1843, the U.S. Post Office formally accepted the name of Valley Stream. As a consequence, Pagan is credited with naming the community. Pagan died on March 25, 1870.
Mr. Pagan’s wife, Ellen, also played a significant role in village history. Tired of traveling to Lynbrook for religious services, she began holding the services in her home. A Methodist minister was hired for periodic stops in the Pagan home, and the first congregation in Valley Stream was founded. She also pushed for her husband to change the family to Payan, seen now in Payan Avenue.
In 1853, Hempstead Turnpike was the only route that connected Valley Stream to Jamaica and New York City. The main streets in Valley Stream that connected the small village to the turnpike were Mill Road (which is Corona Avenue today) in the west, Sand Street (Central Avenue) in the south, and Dutch Broadway in the north. That year Merrick Road, a planked, one lane road came through Valley Stream, connecting the village to Merrick in the east, and Jamaica to the west. With the new thoroughfare in the area, Valley Stream residents and industry began to move southward.
In 1869, the South Side Railroad began stopping in Valley Stream and a branch of the railroad was constructed that connected the main line with the Rockaways. The new branch is now called the Far Rockaway Branch of the Long Island Railroad.
The new railroad, combined with the emergence of Merrick Road as a major artery, caused Valley Stream to grow into a substantial community. At the turn of the century, Hendrickson Park became a prime vacationing spot for people from Brooklyn and Queens. The Valley Stream Hotel opened at the beginning of the 20th Century, overlooking the golf course. Many tourists who came to visit wound up moving to Valley Stream. The Village of Valley Stream was incorporated in 1925 as a result of its growth.
In 1922, developer William R. Gibson came to Valley Stream after building more than 2,500 homes in Queens. He bought 500 acres (2.0 km2) of land on Roosevelt Avenue and built homes on Avondale, Berkeley, Cambridge, Derby, and Elmwood Streets. Five years later he expanded his development to Cochran Place and Dartmouth Street.
Realizing that his development was perfectly designed for the new class of white-collar commuters he petitioned the Long Island Railroad for a stop. The LIRR agreed to stop in the area if Gibson would build the station himself. On May 29, 1929, the Gibson station was opened. Gibson station, as it became known, still retains the name of its founder.
Males have a median income of $80,094 versus $56,260 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $66,334. About 1.0% of families and 1.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.4% of those under age 18 and .4% of those age 65 or over.
There were 12,484 households out of which 33.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.5% were married couples living together, 11.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 23.1% were non-families. 20.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.91 and the average family size was 3.37.
In the village the population was spread out with 23.5% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.1% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.0 males.
The village is home to a significant Italian American, Irish American and German American populations, with 31.8% of the population identifying themselves as being of Italian ancestry in the 2000 Census.
Hewlett-Woodmere School District#14
§ Ogden Elementary School
§ Hewlett Elementary School
§ Woodmere Middle School
§ George W. Hewlett High School
Valley Stream School District#13
§ Howell Road School
§ James A. Dever Elementary School
§ Wheeler Avenue Elementary School
§ Willow Road Elementary School
Valley Stream School District#24
§ Brooklyn Avenue Elementary School
§ Robert W. Carbonaro Elementary School
§ William L. Buck Elementary School
Valley Stream School District#30
§ Clear Stream Ave Elementary School
§ Forest Road Elementary School
§ Shaw Ave Elementary School
Valley Stream Central High School District
§ Valley Stream Central High School
§ Valley Stream Memorial Junior High School
§ Valley Stream North High School
§ Valley Stream South High School